The Most Beautiful Places In North Sumatra
Anantya Putri Ardyafani 3SA04 / 10611697
Tugas 1 Kepariwisataan 2
1. The most beautiful places in North Sumatra
Nama Kelompok North Sumatra : 3SA04 Kepariwisataan 2 #
– Anantya Putri Ardyafani
– Arfian Tsani Affandi : Ketua kelompok
– Dini Alamanda
– Mitha Soviani Putri
– Syarifa Nur
– Tiara Nurmalita Sari
Nias (Nias language Tano Niha) is an island located in the west of the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. The island is inhabited by a majority of the tribe Nias (Ono Niha) who still has a megalithic culture. This area is an important tourist attraction such as surfing (surfing), traditional houses, dives, fahombo (stone jumping).
Island with an area of 5,625 km ² it has a population of 700,000 inhabitants.
This is the religion of the majority Protestant areas. Nias is now divided into four districts and one city, namely Nias, South Nias regency, West Nias, North Nias, and Gunungsitoli.
Tsunami and earthquakes of 2004 and 2005
On December 26, 2004 the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake struck a few kilometers north of the island, creating tsunamis as high as 10 metres (33 ft). 122 people were killed and hundreds more rendered homeless.
On March 28, 2005, the island was again hit by the 2005 Sumatra earthquake, initially presumed to be an aftershock of the 2004 quake, but now regarded as the second most powerful earthquake ever recorded in Indonesia and among the top 10 most powerful recorded world wide since 1900. At least 800 people were reported dead, with the possibility of more than 2,000 casualties. Hundreds of buildings were toppled and many thousands of people were made homeless. In 2007, almost two years after the earthquake, there were still tens of thousands of internally displaced persons living in camps throughout Nias.
Nias’s coastline has changed markedly with the tsunami and earthquake. In some areas, the coast has moved over 50 m (160 ft) inland. In other areas, as much as a further 100 m (330 ft) of land is exposed from the sea. The uplift of land has been recorded as being as much as 2.9 m (9.5 ft).
Following the earthquake, many international aid agencies have moved in to assist in rehabilitation and reconstruction efforts. Oxfam, International Aid, Giving Children Hope, Save the Children Fund, World Vision, Surf Aid, Safe Harbor International and Caritas International are some of the international NGOs represented in Nias. UN agencies represented include UNORC, UNDP, UNICEF, UN-Habitat, WFP, IOM and UNIDO.
Nias District is one district in North Sumatra, which is located on the island of Nias. Its capital Gunung Sitoli can be reached by traveling from Sibolga sea for 10 hours, or by air travel from Medan for 1 hour using Lion Air / Wings Air, SMAC (Fokker F-50), Pigeons (CN 235), and Riau airlines.dengan Binaka airports.
In the language of Nias, Nias Island referred to as Tano Niha. The main income of the majority of the population still relies on agriculture. Potential land area reached 81,389 hectares consisting of 22 486 hectares of rice paddies and 58,903 hectares of dry land. However the, the potential was yet to be able to achieve maximum results for food self-sufficiency. Evidently, this district in 1999 was to bring rice from outside the area as much as 22 323 tons. Not much different to the circumstances of plantation. Nias lush natural state is very suitable for the cultivation of rubber, coconut, coffee, clove and patchouli. Rubber and copra plantation became the mainstay. Rubber production in 1999 reached 13,624 tons, and 42,230 tons of copra.
South Nias District
South Nias District is one district in North Sumatra, which is located on the island of Nias. Population amounted to 275 422 inhabitants (January 2005).
South Nias formerly part of Nias. Gained autonomous status on February 25, 2003 and inaugurated on July 28, 2003. The district consists of 104 large and small islands. Location of the islands of Sumatra elongated parallel. Long islands approximately 60 kilometers, 40 kilometers wide.
Of all the islands, there are four major islands, namely the island of Land Bala (39.67 km ²), Future Land Island (32.16 km ²), Tello Island (18 km ²), and Pini island (24.36 km ²). Not all inhabited islands. South Nias communities spread across 21 islands in the eight districts.
On March 28, 2005, an earthquake struck Nias Island with strength 8.7 on the Richter scale that paralyzed government activities and development in the area. South Nias regent of the data, there have been 5,845 homes were destroyed, also 274 places of worship, 20 offices, and 217 school buildings in Nias Selatan district. Some 138 people died.
West Nias District
West Nias District is one of regencies in North Sumatra Province, Indonesia. This district was inaugurated by the Minister of Home Affairs of Indonesia, Mardiyanto, on May 26, 2009, as one of the division of Nias.
North Nias District
North Nias District is one of regencies in North Sumatra Province, Indonesia. This district was inaugurated by the Minister of Home Affairs of Indonesia, Mardiyanto, on October 29, 2008, as one of the division of Nias.
Gunungsitoli is one city in the province of North Sumatra, Indonesia. The city was inaugurated by the Minister of Home Affairs of Indonesia, Mardiyanto, on October 29, 2008, as one of the division of Nias.
Sirombu, West Nias
Sirombu is a district in West Nias regency, North Sumatra, Indonesia, which is located on the west coast of Nias Island bordering the Indian Ocean, Kecamatn Mandrehe, and District Lölöwa’u. Sirombu is only ± 76 km from Gunung Sitoli that can be taken within ± 2.5 hours. Traveling by sea can also be done to Sirombu because there Seaport.
Sirombu districts with an area of 223.80 km ² located at the coordinates 00 59 10.0 97 30 04,0 N and E.
Sirombu is Tetesua capital district, this is where there are government offices. Before the tsunami Sirombu market is located in the coastal village of Sirombu within 4 miles of Tetesua. Sirombu market now been relocated about 100 meters from the district office in Tetesua built by IOM (International Organisation for Migration) of 100 units Loods closed. There is only 1 week opened every Saturday in the District Sirombu the Week banyan or Harimbale Bring Ties within 12 miles of Tetesua.
Mandrehe, West Nias
Mandrehe is a district in West Nias regency, North Sumatra, Indonesia.