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{April 5, 2013}  

Tugas 2 Kewirausahaan #               Anantya Putri Ardyafani 2SA04/10611697

Soal :

1. Perencanaan Organisasi Kewirausahaan

Jawab :

1. Entrepreneurial Organization Planning

        Organizational planning is the process of determining how organization can achieve its objectives. Planning is the process of determining exactly what to do with the organization to achieve its objectives. In formal terms is defined as the development of a systematic plan of action pogram shown on the achievement of business objectives that have been agreed with the process of analysis, evaluation, selection among the opportunities predicted beforehand. Planning organization has two purposes: protection and agreements (protective and affirmative).

Advantage Program Planning:

1. Helping entrepreneurs oriented to the future

2. Coordination of decision

3. Emphasized organizational goals

Shortage Program Planning:

1. Emphasis on planning programs will take a lot of time management

2. Management should be split between time spent in planning with time spent on other management functions.

Planning activities can be divided into two, namely:

1. Strategic planning, long-term planning that is focused on the organization as a whole.

2. Tactical planning, namely short-term planning that emphasizes the operations of various parts of the organization that is running.

Top management of an organization has the primary responsibility to see if the plan is implemented or not. Although all levels of management are involved in the planning process, senior management typically uses more planning time than lower-level management. Type of change management planning done when the manager moves to a position in the organization. Generally, lower-level managers make short-term planning: middle managers make a rather long-term planning and top management to make long-term planning.

The steps in the planning process are:

1. Stated purpose of the organization

2. Choosing a variety of alternative ways to achieve goals

3. Develop a premise on which to base alternative

4. Choosing the best alternative to achieve the objectives

5. Development plan based on the selected alternative

6. Functioning of the plans into actions

There are three approaches to carry out the functions of planning

1. High probability approach

2. Maximization approach

3. Approach to adaptation

Plan – the plan

A plan is a specific action proposed to help the organization achieve its goals. Planning, evaluation process all relevant information, and assessment of future developments which might, generating a question about the course of action recommended a plan. A plan has four major dimensions:

1. Repetition dimension

2. Time

3. Reach

4. Depth

By using looping dimensions as a guide, the organization plans are usually divided into two types of fixed plans and plans disposable. Plans remain in use over and over again because the plan is focused on organizational situations that occur repeatedly, while disposable plan is used only once or a few times because the plan difukuskan to relate to a relatively unique situation in the organization. Plan can still be divided into wisdom, procedures, and rules, dam plan could disposable divided into programs and budgets.

In the help float plans, self-employed using the technique of planning tools are:

1. Forecasting

the occurrence of environmental prediction techniques that will affect the future operations of the organization. The importance of forecasting lies in its ability to help entrepreneurs better understand the future improvement of the organizational environment to formulate plans that more effectively.

2. Method of time series analysis

Used to predict future sales by analyzing the historical relationship between time and sales. Information showing the relationship between time and sales usually presented in graphical form. This presentation clearly shows the trend in the past, which is used to forecast future sales.

3. Scheduling

Process of formulating a detailed list of activities that must be implemented to achieve organizational goals. The activity list is an internal part of the organizational plan.

4. Map Gannt Chart

Developed by L. Hendry Gannt. A bar chart (bar graph) with time on the horizontal axis and the resources that are scheduled to be on the vertical axis.

5. PERT (Program Evaluation and Review technique)

Network project activity that shows the estimated time required both in the project, as well as sequential relationship between activity-aktivitas to be followed to complete the project.

6. Critical path

Is a series of events and activities that require the longest time period a to be resolved.

Sumber dari :  http://vivinvirantikayuliartanti.blogspot.com/2011/03/perencanaan-organisasi-kewirausahaan.html



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