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Sony Ericsson

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For an arrangement of Sony Ericsson products, see list of Sony Ericsson products.
Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications AB
SonyEricsson
Type Joint venture
Industry Telecommunications
Founded October 1, 2001[1]
Headquarters London, United Kingdom
Area served Worldwide
Key people Howard Stringer (Chairman)
Bert Nordberg (President)
Rikko Sakaguchi (EVP)
Kristian Tear (EVP)
William A Glaser Jr (CFO)[2]
Products Mobile phones
Mobile music devices
Wireless systems
Wireless voice devices
Hi-Tech accessories
Wireless data devices
Revenue decrease €6.294 billion (2010)[3]
Operating income increase €147 million (2010)
Profit increase €200 million (2010)
Employees 7,500 (as of December 2010)[4]
Parent Sony Corporation (50%)
Ericsson AB (50%)
Website www.sonyericsson.com

Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications AB is a joint venture established on October 1, 2001[1] by the Japanese consumer electronics company Sony Corporation and the Swedish telecommunications company Ericsson to manufacture mobile phones.

The company’s global management is based in Hammersmith, London, and it has research and development teams in Lund, Tokyo, Mexico City, Beijing, and Redwood Shores in the US. By 2009, it was the fourth-largest mobile phone manufacturer in the world after Nokia, Samsung and LG.[5] The sales of products largely increased due to the launch of the adaptation of Sony‘s popular Walkman and Cyber-shot series.

In 2010, its market share had fallen to sixth place.[6]

Contents

[hide]

[edit] History

[edit] Troubles in Ericsson’s mobile phone business

In the United States, Ericsson partnered with General Electric in the early nineties, primarily to establish a US presence and brand recognition.

Ericsson had decided to obtain chips for its phones from a single source—a Philips facility in New Mexico. In March 2000, a fire at the Philips factory contaminated the sterile facility. Philips assured Ericsson and Nokia (their other major customer) that production would be delayed for no more than a week. When it became clear that production would actually be compromised for months, Ericsson was faced with a serious shortage.[7] Nokia had already begun to obtain parts from alternative sources, but Ericsson’s position was much worse as production of current models and the launch of new ones was held up.[8]

Ericsson, which had been in the mobile phone market for decades, and was the world’s third largest cellular telephone handset maker, was struggling with huge losses. This was mainly due to this fire and its inability to produce cheaper phones like Nokia. To curtail the losses, it considered outsourcing production to Asian companies that could produce the handsets for lower costs.[according to whom?]

Speculation began about a possible sale by Ericsson of its mobile phone division, but the company’s president said it had no plans to do so. “Mobile phones are really a core business for Ericsson. We wouldn’t be as successful (in networks) if we didn’t have phones”, he said.[citation needed]

[edit] Background of the joint venture

Sony was a marginal player in the worldwide mobile phone market with a share of less than 1 percent in 2000.

By August 2001, the two companies had finalised the terms of the merger announced in April. The company was to have an initial workforce of 3,500 employees.

Ericsson’s market share actually fell and in August 2002, Ericsson said it would stop making mobile phones and end its partnership with Sony if the business continued to disappoint[citation needed]. However, in January 2003, both companies said they would inject more money into the joint venture in a bid to stem the losses.

Sony Ericsson’s strategy was to release new models capable of digital photography as well as other multimedia capabilities such as downloading and viewing video clips and personal information management capabilities. To this end, it released several new models which had built-in digital camera and colour screen which were novelties at that time. The joint venture, however, continued to make bigger losses in spite of booming sales. The target date for making a profit from its first year to 2002 was postponed to 2003 to second half of 2003. It failed in its mission of becoming the top seller of multimedia handsets and was in fifth-place and struggling in 2005.

[edit] Turnaround: Walkman and Cyber-shot

Annual net income or loss 2003 to 2009

On March 1, 2005, Sony Ericsson introduced the K750i with a 2 megapixel camera, as well as its platform mate, the W800i, the first of the Walkman phones capable of 30 hours of music playback, and two low-end phones.

In 2007 their first 5-Megapixel camera phone, the Sony Ericsson K850i, was announced followed in 2008 by the Sony Ericsson C905, the world’s first 8-Megapixel phone.[citation needed] At Mobile World Congress 2009, Sony Ericsson unveiled the first 12-Megapixel phone, named Satio, on May 28, 2009.

On May 1, 2005, Sony Ericsson agreed to become the global title sponsor for the WTA Tour in a deal worth $88 million US dollars over 6 years. The women’s pro tennis circuit was renamed the Sony Ericsson WTA Tour. Just over a month later on June 7, it announced sponsorship of West Indian batsmen Chris Gayle and Ramnaresh Sarwan.

In October 2005, Sony Ericsson presented the first mobile phone based on UIQ 3, the P990.

On January 2, 2007, Sony Ericsson announced in Stockholm that it would have some of its mobile phones made in India, and that its two outsourcing partners, Flextronics and Foxconn would manufacture ten million mobile phones per year by 2009. CEO Miles Flint announced at a press conference held with India’s communications minister Dayanidhi Maran in Chennai that India was one of the fastest growing markets in the world and a priority market for Sony Ericsson with 105 million users of GSM mobile telephones.

[edit] Recent struggles

Sony Ericsson has struggled since the arrival of Apple’s iPhone in the third quarter of 2007. Its handset shipments have fallen from a high of 30.8m in Q4 2007 to only 8.1m in Q1 2011, according to its financial reports.[9] The company had made net losses in six of the 15 quarters and seen its cash reserves shrink from €2.2bn to €599m, after taking a €375m cash injection from its joint owners. The eclipse of the Symbian operating system, initially by Apple’s iPhone, and then by Google‘s Android, has affected Sony Ericsson’s position in the market.

Sony Ericsson was overtaken by its South Korean rival LG Electronics in Q1 2008. Sony Ericsson’s company’s profits fell significantly by 43% to €133 million (approx. US$180 million), sales falling by 8% and market share falling from 9.4% to 7.9%, despite favourable conditions that the handset market was expected to grow by 10% in 2008. Sony Ericsson announced another profit warning in June 2008[10] and saw net profit crash by 97% in Q2 2008, announcing that it would cut 2,000 jobs, leading to wide fear that Sony Ericsson is on the verge of decline along with its struggling rival, Motorola.[11] In Q3 the profits were much on the same level, however November and December saw increased profits along with new models being released such as the C905 being one of the top sellers across the United Kingdom.

[edit] Downsizing

In June 2008, Sony Ericsson had about 8,200 employees, it then launched a cost-cutting program and by the end of 2009 it had slashed its global workforce by around 5,000 people. It planned to cut another 1,500 jobs in 2010. It has also closed R&D (research and development) centres globally, such as, Chadwick House, Birchwood (Warrington) in the UK; Miami, Seattle, San Diego and RTP (Raleigh, NC) in the USA; The Chennai Unit (Tamil Nadu) in India; Hässleholm and Kista in Sweden and operations in the Netherlands. The UIQ centres in London and Budapest were also closed, UIQ was a joint venture with Motorola which began life in the 1990s.[12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22]

Sony Ericsson has, as of July 18, 2008, approximately 9,400 employees and 2,500 contractors worldwide. Bert Nordberg is the president of the company since October, 2009. Sir Howard Stringer, CEO and President, Sony Corporation, is chairman of the board.

[edit] Buyout by Sony

On October 27, 2011, Sony announced that it will acquire Ericsson’s stake in Sony Ericsson for €1.05 billion ($1.47 billion), making the mobile handset business a wholly owned subsidiary of Sony. The transaction’s completion is expected to occur in January 2012.[23][24][25]

[edit] Product lines

This article may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may only interest a specific audience. Please relocate any relevant information, and remove excessive detail that may be against Wikipedia inclusion policy. (January 2010)

Sony Ericsson currently concentrates on the categories of: music, camera, business (web and email), design, all-rounder, eco-friendly, and budget focused phones. Its six largest categories are:

  • The Walkman-branded W series music phones, launched in 2005.
    The Sony Ericsson W-series music phones are notable for being the first music-centric series mobile phones, prompting a new market segment for portable music that was developing at the time. The main feature that can be seen in all of these Walkman phones is they all have a ‘W’ button, which when pressed opens the media centre. Sony Ericsson’s Walkman phones have formerly been commercially endorsed by pop stars Christina Aguilera and Jason Kay across Europe. Walkman branded phones are also produced for the Japanese market.
  • The Cyber-shot-branded line of phones, launched in 2006 in newer models of the K series phones.
    This range of phones are focused on the quality of the camera included with the phone. Cyber-shot phones always include a flash, some with a xenon flash, and also include auto-focus cameras. Sony Ericsson kicked off its global marketing campaign for Cyber-shot phone with the launch of ‘Never Miss a Shot’. The campaign featured top female tennis players Ana Ivanović and Daniela Hantuchová. On February 10, 2008, the series has been expanded with the announcement of C702, C902 and C905 phones. Cyber-shot branded phones are also produced for the Japanese market.
  • The BRAVIA-branded line of phones, launched 2007 in the Japanese market only.
    Until now, five BRAVIA branded phones have been produced. Sony Ericsson (FOMA SO903iTV, FOMA SO906i, U1, S004, and S005[26]) uses the BRAVIA brand. BRAVIA branded phone are able to show 1seg terrestrial television.
  • The UIQ smartphone range of mobiles, introduced with the P series in 2003 with the introduction of P800.
    They are notable for their touchscreens, QWERTY keypads (on most models), and use of the UIQ interface platform for Symbian OS. This range has since expanded into the M series and G series phones.
  • The XPERIA range of mobile phones, heralded by the Sony Ericsson XPERIA X1 in February 2008 at the Mobile World Congress (formerly 3GSM) held in Barcelona Spain, was the first trademark promoted by Sony Ericsson as its own and is designated to provide technological convergence among its target user base. The first model, X1, carried the Windows Mobile operating system with a Sony Ericsson’s panel interface. The Xperia X10 model features the Android operating system. Additionally, Yahoo! News reported that Sony would align with Google to run Android on its upcoming smartphone.[27][28]
  • The GreenHeart range of mobile phones, first introduced in 2009, heralded by the Sony Ericsson J105i Naite and C901 GreenHeart.
    It is focused on an environmentally friendly theme, but still featured with recent mobile technology and multimedia capability. It mainly uses eco-friendly materials and features eco-apps.

[edit] Financial information

Sony Ericsson posted its first profit in the second half of 2003. Since then, the sales figures from phones have been:

Annual shipments of units 2003 to 2009

Year Unit sales,
millions
2004 42[29]
2005 50[30]
2006 74.8[31]
2007 103.4[32]
2008 96.6[33]
2009 57.1[34]
2010 43.1

In the third quarter of 2009, Sony Ericsson became the world’s fourth largest mobile phone maker with 4.9% of market share after Nokia (37.8%), Samsung (21%) and LG (11%).

According to the Swedish Magazine M3s issue 7/2006 Sony Ericsson is the best-selling phone brand in the Nordic countries, followed by Nokia.

[edit] Compatibility

During E3 2007 Media and Business Summit, Phil Harrison, Sony CEO showcased a Sony Ericsson phone using the PlayStation’s XMB. A select group of phones are also said to integrate into PlayStation Home (final product)

During the announcement of Sony Ericsson K850, W960 and W910 some review sites have shown that those mentioned phones and future mid-range or better phones will have Media to replace the standard File Manager which will be moved to the Organiser of the phone. The Media manager possesses a UI that resembles the XMB interface found on Sony TV, PS3, and PSP products. The mobile developer site confirmed from their spec sheets and white papers that the XMB media manager is standard to the phones running Java Platform 8 also known as A200 Platform and Symbian devices like Sony Ericsson Satio and Sony Ericsson Vivaz.

[edit] Operations

In 2009 Sony Ericsson announced that it was moving its North American headquarters from Research Triangle Park, North Carolina to Atlanta. The headquarters move was part of a plan to reduce its workforce, then 10,000 employees, by 20%. As of that year Sony Ericsson had 425 employees in Research Triangle Park; the staff had been reduced by hundreds due to layoffs.[35] Stacy Doster, a spokesperson of Sony Ericsson, said that the proximity to Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport‘s flights to Latin America and the operations of AT&T Mobility influenced the decision to move the USA headquarters. Sony Ericsson will close the Research Triangle site.[35][36]

[edit] Environmental record

Sony Ericsson ranks 6th out of 15 leading electronics makers in Greenpeace’s Guide to Greener Electronics that assesses companies’ policies on climate and energy, sustainability and how green their products are. The company scores 4.2/10 and is one of the top scorers in the Products category, gaining maximum points for the energy efficiency of its phones and doing well for its avoidance of hazardous substances in its products. [37] Sony Ericsson is ahead of many of its competitors in eliminating chemical substances in its products and is currently finalising the phase out of antimony, beryllium, phthalates and the very small remaining use of BFR.[38]

However, Greenpeace criticises Sony Ericsson for not having a plan to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions through energy efficiency or more use of renewable energy. The guide also states that the company still needs to report the amount of recycled plastic sourced as a percentage of all plastics used. [37]

In June 2009, Sony Ericsson launched its first GreenHeart series device, the C901, which indirectly emits a 15% less of CO2 during its fabrication and usage, compared to other SE phones. It is also packed in a small box without paper manual, includes an eco-charger, and its cover is made of recycled plastic.[39]

[edit] Marketing campaigns

Social media

During 2010, in 11 months, Sony Ericsson’s Facebook fan count rose from 300,000 to 3.9 million to become the 40th-largest brand on the social networking site. The company aims to capitalise on this fanbase and increase engagement by profiling these fans and matching them to dedicated content. It will also analyse the top commenters on the Facebook page and ensure engagement through special content and offering these fans the chance to visit Sony Ericsson offices.[40]

Sports sponsorship

As of 2011, Sony Ericsson sponsors the UEFA Champions League and the Sony Ericsson Open tennis tournament in Miami. According to the head of global marketing partnerships,[41] Stephan Croix, “our sport sponsorships allow us to promote our phones in a subtle and authentic way to our fanbase. Our promise to fans is to enrich their experience during the game but also before and after.”

[edit] See also

Factory 1b.svg Companies portal

Sumber dari : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sony_Ericsson



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